The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple, Begur, Bangalore
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Home » Places to see in Bangalore » Nageshvara ( Nageshwara) Temple

Newly built entrance of The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.
Newly built entrance of The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.

The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple complex is located in Begur, a small town within the Bangalore rural district of Karnataka state, India. It is also spelt Nagesvara and called Naganatheshvara locally. From inscriptions, it is known that Begur was once called Veppur, and Kelele (in Western Ganga King Durvinita's Mollahalli grant inscription of 580-625 C.E.). Two shrines within the temple complex, the Nageshvara and Nageshvarasvami were commissioned during the rule of Western Ganga Dynasty Kings Nitimarga I (also called Ereganga Neetimarga, r. 843-870) and Ereyappa Nitimarga II (also called Ereganga Neetimarga II, r. 907-921). The remaining shrines are considered a later day legacy of the rule of the Chola Dynasty over the region.

The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.
The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.

An Old Kannada inscription, dated c.890, that describes a "Bengaluru war" (modern Bangalore city) was discovered in this temple complex by the epigraphist R. Narasimhachar. The inscription is recorded in "Epigraphia Carnatica" (Vol 10 supplementary). This is the earliest evidence of the existence of a place called Bengaluru.

The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.
Bull at The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.

Temple Plan

The Nageshvara temple has a simple square sanctum (garbhagriha), a vestibule (antarala) that connects the sanctum to a "great closed hall" (maha-mantapa or navaragna) which leads to an open hall (agra-mantapa). The entrance to the open hall is via balustraded steps in the south-west and north-west corners. The open hall has six unequally spaced pillars, with an image of Nandi (vehicle or vahana of the god Shiva) placed on a "lotus platform" (padma-pitha) in the outer bay (compartment formed between four pillars). The white granite pillars are simple in design; with a square base (pitha), plain lower part and fluted octagonal in the centre. Many parts of the temple, including the open and closed halls appear to been subjected to renovation in later periods. The sanctum has a linga, the universal symbol of the god Shiva.

The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.
The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.Sculptures depicting stories from the Panchatantra are carved all around the garbagriha wall.

The ceiling in the closed hall (navaranga) has the characteristic Western Ganga artistic touch, the eight panel sculptures in a square grids (called the ashta-dik-palaka) which includes an image of four handed Uma-Maheshvara (the god Shiva with his consort Parvati). The ceiling of the open hall also has the grid sculptures with an seated image of Shiva and Parvati in the centre. Other sculptrs kept in the hall include Mahishasuramardini (a form of the goddess Durga), a unique two handed Ganesh, and Kalabhairava (a form of Shiva). The vertical door jamb (sakha) have the typical carvings of creepers with ganas (attendants of the god Shiva from Hindu Mythology) in loops with lotuses (padma) at the terminations. On top of the door jamb, at the centre of the lintel (lalata), is an image of Gajalakshmi (a form of the goddess Lakshmi with elephants on either side).

The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.
The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.

Some of the temple's Historic relics are housed in Bangalore Museum (Next to Vishweshwaraya Industrial & Technological Museum)

The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.
The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.Sculptures depicting stories from the Panchatantra are carved all around the garbagriha wall.

Nageshvarasvami temple

The Nageshvarasvami temple, also a Western Ganga construction, faces east, has a square plan for the sanctum, a vestibule, an open hall, a detached hall called mukha-mantapa whose ceiling is supported by eight pillars. An image of Nandi is placed in the mukha-mantap making it serve the purpose of a Nandi-mantapa (Nandi hall). The base of the entrance (dvara) is flanked by niches with images of Ganga-Yamuna figures with attendant ladies. This appears to be a Chalukya-Rashtrakuta influence.

The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.
The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.

The temple complex enshrines Panchalingas

  • Nageswara.
  • Kaleswara.
  • Nagareswara.
  • Karneswara.
  • Choleswara.

Festivals

Seven Days before Anuradha Star, during Chaitra (Mar-Apr) is Dwaja Rohana or hoisting the Vrishabha Flag on Dwaja Stambham (Flag Mast) inside the Temple. On the seventh day the Chariot Festival commences and different embellished Chariots carry the Utsava Moorthi (Festival Idols) of Sri Nagaeshwara and Sri Parvati. Some of the Chariots are Sri Nandi Vahana, Sri Vrishabha Vahana, Sri Shesha Vahana, Sri Gaja Vahana, Sri Soorya Mandala and Sri Ravana Vahana etc. During the last day of Temple Chariot Festival, Utsava Moorthi of Sri Nagaeshwara and Sri Parvati are taken out in a decorated Palanquin, and about 20 Utsava Moorthi from neighbouring Temples come here in decorated palanquins and participate in this grand Festival.

The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.
The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.Sculptures depicting stories from the Panchatantra are carved all around the garbagriha wall.

During this Festival, Kalayana Utsava or the marriage ceremony of Sri Nagaeshwara and Sri Parvati is conducted.

Shiana or consumation of these marriage vows between Sri Nagaeshwara and Sri Parvati is celebrated on the last day of this 13th day Festival. For this ceremony the idols are placed on a specially constructed bed with offerings of fruits and milk etc.

The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.
The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.Sculptures depicting stories from the Panchatantra are carved all around the garbagriha wall.

On Shiva Rathri (Feb), four Jaama Abhishekam are performed here. These special Abhishekam start at 5 AM and continue till 10.30 AM of the next day, and the Temple is opened for devotees to come and take part in these rituals.

Special Poojas are performed on Karthika Somvara (Oct-Nov), and the Temple is open from 5 AM to 10 PM.

During Navarathri Festival (Oct-Nov), Lalitha Sahasranama Pooja is performed to Sri Parvati. On the last day (Vijaya Dashami), Utsava Moorthi (Festival Idols) of Sri Nagaeshwara and Sri Parvati are taken out to the village in an adorned palanquin.

The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.
The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.Sculptures depicting stories from the Panchatantra are carved all around the garbagriha wall.

On Ugadi, Sri Rama Navami and Shankara Jayanthi (Adi Shankaracharya's birthday) special Abhishekams are performed here.

Kalayana Utsava is performed on request of devotees, and the Temple Priest chooses the time and date for this ceremony.

Prodosha (Monthly) Poojas are performed in the evenings on the second day before Amavasya (New Moon). During Dhanur Maasa (Dec-Jan), daily Poojas are performed at 3.30 AM and Mangalarati is performed before sunrise.

The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.
The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.Sculptures depicting stories from the Panchatantra are carved all around the garbagriha wall.

Special Days

Maha Shivratri : celebrated every year on the 13th night/14th day in the Krishna Paksha (waning moon) of the month of Maagha (as per Shalivahana) or Phalguna (as per Vikrama) in the Hindu Calendar (that is, the night before and day of the new moon).

Pradosham : Occurs once in every 15 days and considered most auspicious by Shaivites, almost 2 days before either Amavasya (black moonday) or Pournima (full moon day).

The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.
The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple. There are some huge stones with the inscriptions placed outside. There is also a tree (Banni Mara) in the premises, which is said to be more than 100 years old.

Begur

Begur is a village in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is in the state capital Bangalore. It is off Bangalore-Hosur highway. It is said to have been a prominent place during the rule of the Western Ganga Dynasty and later the Chola Kingdom. A tank and a beautiful temple (Nageshvara temple) dating back almost 1100 years are of historical importance. A short distance away is a broken old mud fortress in which is the Kashi Vishweshwara temple. Nageshvara temple has Panchalinga (five Shiva lingas) which makes the temple unique. On the eve of Shivaratri devotees perform pujas and stay awake the whole night. Kartika Somavara is another big occasion in which special pooja's are performed in the temple.In the month of April there is a car festival (Bramha Rathotsava) which visited by many people. The temple complex is under renovation. Nearby is the picturesque Begur lake.

The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.
The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.Sculptures depicting stories from the Panchatantra are carved all around the garbagriha wall.

There are 5 major roads that connect Begur to rest of Bangalore.

The Begur - Jigani road is supposed to be an 80 feet road.
Begur to Hosur Road via AECS (HAL) layout.
Begur to Bannerghatta Road via Hulimavu.
Begur to Bommanahalli via Hongasandra.
Begur to Electronics City via Bettadasanapura.

The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.
The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.Sculptures depicting stories from the Panchatantra are carved all around the garbagriha wall.

Five new layouts surrounding Begur helped to extend the residential area within Begur Village periphery. Classic Paradise Layout, Begur Woods Layout, Deo Heights, Vishwapriya Nagar and Akshaya Nagar are noted for best residential layouts within Begur. DLF New Town and Hiranandani Upscale, SNN Raj Sarenity, Aratt Felicita, Splendid Lakedews are major residential projects launched within vicinity of Begur. More than 50 Apartments are beging constructed within 3 km in/around Begur.

The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.
The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.Sculptures depicting stories from the Panchatantra are carved all around the garbagriha wall.

Sri Kukke Subramanya Mutt's Raghavendra temple, Akshaya Nagar Sri Vadiraja temple, St.Ignatius Church and Chowdeshwari temple are other attractions.

The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.
The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.

How to reach

From Bangalore take Banarghatta road and go straight until you find State Bank of Mysore on your left side. Turn left after State Bank of Mysore (on the left). Then take slight right onto 8th Main Road, take the 1st left toward Sir M Visveswaraya Road. Continue straight onto Sir M Visveswaraya Road. Turn right to stay on Sir M Visveswaraya Road. Take the 2nd left and continue onto BTM 4th Stage. Turn left to stay on BTM 4th Stage. Turn right onto Devarachikkanahalli Rd,t ake the 1st left onto Residential Layout Main Rd. Turn left then turn right again turn right towards Begur Road ( Pass by the lake). Turn right onto Begur Road. Destination will be on the right.

The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.
The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.

BMTC buses plying between Begur and KR Market/Shivaji Nagar/Kempegowda Bus Stand. Marco Polo AC buses to Shivaji Nagar travel from Vishwapriya Nagara (343 Series of BMTC Buses Ply on this Route).

The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.
The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.

The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.
The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.

The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.
The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.

The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.
The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.Sculptures depicting stories from the Panchatantra are carved all around the garbagriha wall.

The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.
The Nageshvara ( Nageshwara, Pancha lingeshwara) temple.

 
 
 
 
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